Basic and General Characteristics of Christian Philosophy
Although Christian philosophy was opposed to some philosophical views in the early times, it became a religious explanation in time.
The medieval period of Western philosophy, which is based on Greek philosophy in ancient times, is completely a Christian philosophy. After the closure of the last Greek philosophical schools in the 5th century BC, Western thought was considered only for religion and in particular Christianity for a decade, and the philosophy in this process was called Christian philosophy or Christian philosophy.
Christian philosophy has taken its own place with some features. These features include:
General Characteristics of Christian Philosophy
– Religion-centered thought was seen.
In this period, religion was at the center of everything. Religion has played a very active role in every field from state administration to family life, from social activities to trade. Religion has also sought to establish its own dominance in these fields, breaking the influence of science and philosophy. In this context, religion-centered thought has manifested itself in every aspect of human development.
– We tried to make the foundation of religion by reason.
Reason has been tried to be placed at an important point in the faith and functioning of Christianity and Christianity has been explained with reason. For example, the apologist Justin Martyr said, her Everything that rationally belongs to Christianity, and everything that belongs to Christianity is rational, ”said the need to tolerate Christianity.
– The discussions of reason and faith came to the fore.
As we have just illustrated, we can see that justification is based on belief and belief, and on the basis of Justin Martyr’s statement, her Everything that is reasonable, everything that belongs to Christianity, and everything that belongs to Christianity is reasonable ak. Thomas Aquinas , one of the most important apologists , argued that Martyr’s mind and understanding Christianity in harmony with each other could not explain the most fundamental issues (trinity, incarnation, essential sin, sacraments, eschatology) that differed from other religions with a more rigorous religious understanding. He put the faith in front of the mind.
– The belief that belief makes knowledge possible is dominant.
Religion created a religious power with its great power during the period of Christian philosophy. This power, as it created and operated through various legal institutions, shaped the self-esteem of people at the same time and made various categories of knowledge possible within itself. In the chapter of Paul (Corinthians 1:19) of the Bible, which is the holy book of Christianity, there is a statement: “I will destroy the wisdom of the sages, I will frustrate the minds of the wise.” The message is here and it is emphasized that the original is not knowledge or knowing, but belief or believing. Again in the Bible, “Your faith is based on God’s power, not human wisdom” means to put belief or faith before knowledge or wisdom.
In addition, other features of Christian philosophy can be listed as follows:
– Influenced by ancient Greek philosophy.
– The existence of God has been tried to prove.
– The accuracy of the sacred texts is centered.
– It was said that religious authority should not be opposed in the ideas created.
Author: Ömer Yıldırım
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade Giriş Introduction to Philosophy ”and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade Tarihi History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook, MEB Philosophy Textbook