Category: Logical Reasoning

Uncovering Implicit Premises

Reasoners often leave parts of their reasoning unstated. Emilio left something unsaid when he argued that “If the stream were…

Discount Indicators

It is very common for passages containing arguments also to contain claims that are neither premises nor conclusions but instead…

What is a Proof?

People often argue in order to prove something. But that word “proof” is a tricky word. There are different standards…

What is the Issue?

We argue in order to settle issues. Issues arise when there is uncertainty about whether to accept or reject a…

What is a Statement?

Statements are what is said. More accurate, statements are things that are said that are either true or false. They…

Review of Major Points

This chapter emphasized that logical reasoning is your guide to good decisions. It is also a guide to sorting out…

Examples of Good Reasoning

So far we’ve explored the importance of reasoning logically in situations that require a decision—either a decision about what to…