Category: philosophıcal movements

Miletus School and Arkhe Problem

Miletos School is a philosophy school that has been active in Miletos city which is located within the borders of Aydın  province today  . Thales, Anaximandros and Anaximenes, who were the representatives of this school, became the first philosophers in...

Who are Sophists, What is Sophism?

Sophists, BC In the 5th century, they were philosophers who taught philosophy for money. Sophists have been written in history as thinkers who laid the foundations of relative and skeptical thought and developed these views. As...

What is Humanism (Humanity)?

The term İn humanism ıyla (humanism) is a world view that, in its most general sense, rests on the human mind, the concepts of ethics and justice, and denies superstition and everything supernatural. It is...

What is Platonism?

The objective doctrine of Plato and his followers. It is also called idealism, speciesism and the doctrine of the Academy. The ancient Greek thinker Aristocles Plato (I, T.427-347, Plato name is a moniker that was attached...

Emergence of Rationalism, Emergence of Rationalism

In the 17th century, most of the most important philosophers in Europe were also successful mathematicians. In France,  Rene Descartes  and  Blaise Pascal made important contributions to mathematics,  just as  Gottfried Leibniz did in Germany. They believed that the reasoning of mathematics...

What is Aristotelianism (Aristotelianism)?

(Os. Aristotalism, Fr. Aristotelism, Al. Aristotelismus, Eng. Aristotelianism). Aristotelianism is a philosophical tendency that develops in parallel with Plantonism. It is not surprising that Renaissance philosophy turned to Plato and  Aristotle in search of a new world view  . Both were the most...

Philosophers Around Vienna

Logical positivism can be defined as a philosophical approach that has been shaped by the intellectual quests of a group of philosophers and scientists gathered in Vienna. The activities of this community, called the Vienna...

What is Iwan Safa (Iwan Safa)?

It is a group of thinkers known as encyclopedia of Islamic philosophy  . It is not known who and what the real aims of Ihvani-Safâ (The Brothers of Cleaning), which was organized as a secret and political organization based...