Development of Ancient Greek Philosophy
With the increasing importance of Greek city-states, philosophy spread from Ionia to the entire Greek world, and in particular to Athens; The city quickly became a cultural center of Greece.
It was here that philosophers expanded the scope of philosophy by adding new questions such as “How do we know what we know?” Or nasıl How should we live our lives? Oldu. Socrates , also an Athenian, was the initiator of the short-term but great influence of Classical Greek philosophy . Though he left no written text behind, his ideas were so important that they were used to draw the path of philosophy, and the philosophers before him were öncesi pre-Socrates’. They were called.
Plato , a student of Socrates , established a philosophy school in Athens, where his teacher developed and taught his ideas, which he transferred to his students, such as Aristotle , who had been a student and teacher there for 20 years, and called the Academy (the word “academic”). The contradictory views and methods of these great thinkers – Socrates, Plato and Aristotle – formed the basis of what we call Western philosophy today, and the divergence between them continued to divide philosophers throughout history.
The Classical period of Ancient Greece was ruled by Alexander the Great. It ended with his death in 323. This great leader united Greece, and the Greek city-states that once worked together became rivals again with his death. Aristotle’s BC. After 322 deaths in the philosophy of cynicism and , skeptics , Epicureans and Stoics were divided into many different schools of thought.
With the growth of the Roman Empire over the next few centuries, Greek culture weakened. The Romans had little time to deal with non-stoic Greek philosophy, but Greek ideas continued to be protected mainly by the manuscripts and translations of the Arab world, and then reappeared with the rise of Christianity and Islam in the Middle Ages.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade Giriş Introduction to Philosophy ”and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade Tarihi History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook