Moral, Art and Political Problem
Oh philosophy, the guide to life! Ah seeking the virtues, the hive of evil! What would we do without you and human history? Cicero
Since language is ambiguous, philosophers attempted to clarify meanings while seeking answers to philosophical questions.
The questions that Socrates asks the Athenian citizens also try to reveal what they essentially believe about certain concepts. When Socrates asked his fellow citizens what seemed simple, such as “What is justice?” Or “What is beauty?” In such debates, Socrates challenged assumptions about our ways of living life and what we consider important.
We want to know what it means to live a “good hayat life, justice and happiness, and how to reach them; The investigation of how we should behave forms the basis of the ethical (or moral philosophy) branch of philosophy and arises from the question of why beauty and art, known as aesthetics, are formed. It is a natural step to think about ethical questions about our individual lives, to start thinking about such a society that we might want to live in, and how to manage this society, citizens’ rights and responsibilities.