Philosophy as Love of Wisdom

The famous Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322) says that the first philosopher or philosopher’s curiosity and astonishment played a very decisive role in the birth of philosophy in ancient Greece.

Indeed, a story or anecdote about Thales, the first philosopher of Western philosophy, explains this well:

As a philosopher who lived on the shores of Western Anatolia and had no livelihood, Thales’s interests were different from those of the average man. Thales, who had his daily work done by his slaves or servants,   wondered why “something existed” . He even put aside the things on earth and showed interest in what was going on in the sky. One day he went for a ride with his Thracian servant; According to the story while looking at the sky in front of the pit was laid down along the ground. Not only did Thales fall down, he became the target of his slave’s regiment. Slave “You philosophers are like this; when you don’t see what’s under your feet, you try to understand what’s going on in the skies!.

Thales was astonished by the almost perfect order of the world, the perfect succession of the seasons; the Sun, Moon and stars in the sky were almost horrified by the magnificent appearance and array. He was curious about the origin of this order, the relationship between the giant objects in the sky, where the existing ones came from and where they went. It was his curiosity that created philosophy and science. Indeed, man is a being who is curious and amazed at almost everything that is happening unlike other living species. One of the best expressions of this characteristic of man was the famous British philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588-1678). Indeed, Hobbes, Araştır Investigating the causes of what he sees is unique to human nature. Explores some more, some less, but everyone is curious enough to investigate the causes of their own destiny for better or worse. “  He said.

What we need most to be able to deal with philosophy and become a philosopher is this curiosity and wonder ability. This ability is actually present in all children, especially young children. We all have children’s questions such as neden Why is it wrong to lie? ”, Nereye Where do people go when they die?”. Especially children who develop and grow a little more “If I am living in a free country, why can’t I do everything I want to do? But most children and young people lose their wonder and curiosity at a later age; they surrender to the habit. Indeed, while philosophical questions concern all people very closely, not everyone can be philosophers; not everyone is interested in philosophical questions. People are so attached to everyday life for so many different reasons that they suppress their sense of amazement to life and the world. Like philosophers, the world and everything that happens on it is new for children; so everything becomes the subject of their curiosity and surprise. However, many adults see the world as a normal thing. They adopt life as it exhibits amazing views; they become a part of the crowd and live without question as everyone lives under the influence of habit. they adopt life as it exhibits amazing views; they become a part of the crowd and live without question as everyone lives under the influence of habit. they adopt life as it exhibits amazing views; they become a part of the crowd and live without question as everyone lives under the influence of habit.

Indeed, most of us forget philosophical questions at some point in our lives. Another important reason for this is that we give up suspicion and content ourselves with dogmatic answers. doubt arises as not being content with the explanation given, but a tendency to think that things can be different than they are. It is an important factor that is complementary to curiosity and wonder. doubt is one of the most fundamental forces or factors that drive philosophical inquiry. A person who is suspicious is a person who thinks that reality may not be as it appears, that there may be different reasons behind the appearance, and that therefore goes beyond perceptual appearances. However, living by doubting and questioning is not always easy for everyone. Therefore, the vast majority of people choose a comfortable life instead of doubt as one of the two alternatives open to them. People who flee from the risk of doubt and questioning, and from time to time may cause anxiety, often rely on habits. Those who act or live without doubt under the influence of their habits are often attached to their collective identity by forgetting their individuality or individual identity; they live an ordinary life by doing what everyone else does, by living as they do, trapped in the mend of dogmatic patterns. they are often attached to their collective identity, forgetting their individuality or individual identity; they live an ordinary life by doing what everyone else does, by living as they do, trapped in the mend of dogmatic patterns. they are often attached to their collective identity, forgetting their individuality or individual identity; they live an ordinary life by doing what everyone else does, by living as they do, trapped in the mend of dogmatic patterns.

One of the best-known philosophers is Plato, the ancient Greek philosopher with his famous “Cave Analogy“. In this analogy, Plato asks us to think of some people who live in an underground cave. These people are chained by their hands, feet and necks at the bottom of a large underground cave where no light from the outside enters. So they can only see the wall in front of them. Behind them a long and big curtain was drawn. Behind the scenes are people running around talking to each other. Because these running people have a big fire behind them, their shadows hit the wall. People who are chained think that the shadows that hit the wall from the screen are real; they actually think that the human voices coming from behind come from the shadows on the wall. They have no doubt that the shadows they have been seeing all their lives may not be real. Plato makes an offer at this point and asks us to think, this time, that kurtar one of these prisoners is freed from the shackles and his face is turned back to the light source ”. The former prisoner will likely not adapt to this new situation; his eyes will be dazzled, maybe even blind. According to Plato’s interpretation, since it is very difficult for man to abandon his habits, he will want to return to his chains instead. The former prisoner will likely not adapt to this new situation; his eyes will be dazzled, maybe even blind. According to Plato’s interpretation, since it is very difficult for man to abandon his habits, he will want to return to his chains instead. The former prisoner will likely not adapt to this new situation; his eyes will be dazzled, maybe even blind. According to Plato’s interpretation, since it is very difficult for man to abandon his habits, he will want to return to his chains instead.

Ancient Greek thought, which states that curiosity and doubt played an important role in the birth of philosophy, welcomed the philosophy with the Greek word philosophia. Indeed, the word philosophia is derived from the words ia sophia ına with the verb elik phileo gelen, which means love, and means the search for love or wisdom. Wisdom certainly does not mean knowing too much, accumulating numerous experiences through encyclopedic knowledge or observation from various sources. Wisdom means having a certain mental maturity, using the knowledge acquired in a questioning attitude in a meaningful and principled life, reading life well and interpreting it correctly and meaningfully. Accordingly, wisdom is merely an art of living, to act appropriately or correctly, to avoid excess or immeasurability, it is not a moral conception or moral stance that consists of meeting disasters with fortitude. At the same time, and more importantly, it means a certain intellectual attitude, a firm understanding of the causes of what is happening, a deep vision of the nature of the being and the meaning of life, the encompassing thinking about the principles of action and the ultimate aims. Plato was one of those who explained the wisdom in the best possible way in ancient Greece. As a matter of fact, in the Defense of Socrates, in which he mentions the life of his teacher Socrates and his defense in the court where he was sentenced to be sentenced to death, he who successfully passed a questioning test which could pass the critical discussion or questioning when he called the philosopher as the person who possessed or sought it. expresses it as a wisdom. According to Plato, who argues that this philosophy-specific wisdom is completely different from other types of knowledge or wisdom, neither statesman nor craftsman nor bard can explain the ultimate purpose of his life and why he is actually doing the work he is performing. This is because these people of different professions have not created a clear and questionable system of basic principles and ideas to do in addition to lack of knowledge of goals. From the point of view of Plato’s philosophy of philosophy in question, the fact that someone has done something wise or just or beautiful does not mean that he has true wisdom. To account for his actions, his actions and his life as a whole in order to reach a life based on every aspect and all the foundations,

The picture of the philosopher and the wisdom expressed by Plato is fully compatible with the image of the philosopher developed by Pythagoras in ancient Greece from the sixth century BC. The image of the philosopher in question is the position of the athlete, one of whom came to run for the glory of honor at the Olympic Games, and the seller or trader who tried to make money by selling something on the occasion of the games, and the last one of the philosopher who tried to understand what people were trying to do, what motives they were trying to do. or life, the three philosophers of the öğret three doctrines of life dile expressing that there are different lifestyles. In this metaphor, sellers or traders refer to the type of person who shows a certain affinity for the substance and thinks that he can only be happy with money. The athlete has a strong ego, pursuit of glory and honor, it always shows people who struggle to prove themselves. However, the philosopher refers to the person who tries to understand what is going on, who tries to comprehend the real value of the things or forces that run people after them, in short, not only the people but the life as a whole.

Source:  Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Year “ Introduction to Philosophy ” and Giriş Introduction to Sociology ”Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Other Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM)

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