Philosophy-Science Relation: Common Characteristics
Philosophy shares common features with science: a) Both speak in the name of reason in general and try to justify themselves with reasoned truths,
b) Both want to arrive at principles and laws by using concepts and abstractions and make generalizations.
On the other hand, the differences between them can be grouped under the general headings: 1) the concepts and abstractions of science are generally less than those of the philosophy and private sectors takes issue,
2) Although philosophy deals with both facts and values, science only deals with facts or values as a phenomenon (humanities or social sciences); values, meanings, ideals and goals are not subject to science in terms of being such. In other words, science deals with the issues of good, bad, right, wrong, right, wrong and so on. cannot give values, ideals, meanings to them,
3) Although the propositions of science can be verified, the propositions of philosophy cannot be verified in a narrow sense. In spite of the fact that we have the possibility to make calculations based on science and to make prediction, such a thing is not in question in philosophy.
4) Although the methods and methods of making scientific research and discoveries are definite and teachable, it is not clear that philosophy has a certain and standardized research and thinking method, even agreed by the philosopher. Every philosopher has his own way of making a philosophy if it is appropriate. This should warn us that although Kant’s famous saying that “philosophy can be learned is not philosophy,” it is true, learning to do philosophy is much more difficult than learning to do science.
5) In spite of the fact that it can create technologies that are the application of science based on science, there is still no such opportunity in philosophy. Philosophy is a thinking (evil eye, theoria) and action (deeds, praxis), not a creation, creation (art, tekhne). Therefore, it is not possible for a technique, technology, art, industry to emerge from it as it is from science.
As a result, philosophy is not science, and it can be said that in philosophy there is a greater need for yaratıcı creative intelligence ,, knowledge, perception and senses.
Source: Professor Dr. Ahmet Arslan – Introduction to Philosophy