Scholastic Period, What is the Scholastic Period in Christian Philosophy?
The scholastic period is the second period Christian philosophy from the 8th to the 15th century.
The name scholastic comes from the schooling movement of this period to teach Christianity. Scholastic means yolu school path ”or“ schooling .. Anselmus , Thomas of Aquino and William of Ockham are the leading philosophers of this period. In the Scholastic Period, with the introduction of religion-oriented philosophy into the field of education, many students received religious education and they quickly spread Christianity. Bologna University and Oxford University were established during this period and are the pioneers of this tradition.
After the victory of Christianity, the elements determined by dogmas are seen in the matter and the guiding principles of philosophy. This Christian philosophy, which forms a large part of the medieval philosophy, will form a life and world theory on the Christian basis. This service gerçekleştireri are Okulcu on (school-men) named and their string Scholastic philosophy was named. Scholastic philosophy was formulated by the Church Fathers and made doctrinal judgments on Christian dogmas.
Although the students know Greek philosophy, they think different from the ancient thinkers in the solution of the problems. The aim of the Greek philosophers is to provide a rational explanation for the universe. They were independent of popular religion and approached their duties with more or less scientific spirit. Apply a discussion method. On the other hand, they see Christianity beyond any discussion. They think that philosophy should be in the service of religion.
The mind is free to use its abilities within the confines of Christian dogma; the human mind can interpret the world as it wishes. However, when it comes to religious limitations, there is a difference. Scholastic attitudes and methods prove that it is unsatisfactory that the philosophical system attempts to form on an independent basis of Christian dogma. The entire intellectual movement of scholastism is attacking in another direction: Dogmas and the entire church system criticize the religious life that has been transformed by the Bible and the practice of individual consciousness. The theoretical and practical Christian reform will be gathered in two eras, the beginning of the modern era: the Renaissance and the Reform.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade Giriş Introduction to Philosophy ”and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade Tarihi History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook, MEB Philosophy Textbook, Yolculuk Journey to Philosophy ”Frank Thilly