Social Thought and Social Utopias in the Renaissance

During the Renaissance, an intense search for what kind of society should be lived is remarkable. The theological structure of the Middle Ages, which restricted individual freedoms, made people unable to breathe.

The fact that worldly wealth was gathered in the hands of a handful of feudal aristocrats, the fact that many people lived in the form of semi-slaves dependent on their land, and their inability to repay their labor, increased social unrest every day. In such an environment, people’s search for rights, individual freedom, social justice and equality demands came to light. This period was also a period of intense social struggles. Some intellectual writers and well-intentioned aristocrats also provided theoretical support to the search for a free and just society. As a result, there were studies suggesting utopian social order. In this section, the most known of them will be discussed.

Utopists and Utopias

–  Thomas More and Utopia
–  Tommaso Campanella’s Sun Country utopia
–  Francis Bacon and New Atlantis utopia

Prepared by:  Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source:  Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade Giriş Introduction to Philosophy ”and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade Tarihi History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook

You may also like...