The Problems of Philosophy
Here is a list of some of the most commonly addressed and most basic philosophical problems.
Do not worry too much about how one would address these questions as a philosopher – just look through them and consider how you might answer them in an immediate intuitive way – my guess is that you will soon find yourself in deeper water than you may expect, philosophical water in fact.
In fact do not feel pressure to find an answer, but think of various ways one may answer the questions and what reasons one has for those answers being correct. The answers, or merely how one should even start to approach them, are a good deal less straightforward than one may suppose.
What is the nature of philosophy?
Are there philosophical problems?
What is the correct method for solving philosophical problems?
When are inferences sound?
What is the nature of rationality?
What is truth?
What is it to know something?
What are we perceiving when we claim to be perceiving the world?
Can we know the external world exists?
What is reality?
What is it for something to exist?
What sorts of things exist?
What is a cause?
What is it for something to be morally good?
What is the good life?
Can ethical judgements be justified?
What is the nature of mind?
What is consciousness?
What is the self?
What is it for expressions in a language to have meaning?
What is it to understand the meaning of a word?
Can induction be justified?
What is a scientific law?
How should society best be organised?
What justifies the power of the state?
What are human rights?
What is a work of art?
Can we justify the evaluations we make of works of art?
What determines the meaning of a work of art?
What is it to justify the existence of God?
What is the nature of God?
How ought we to live?