What is Humanism (Humanity)?

The term İn humanism ıyla (humanism) is a world view that, in its most general sense, rests on the human mind, the concepts of ethics and justice, and denies superstition and everything supernatural. It is the individualist Renaissance ideal that advocates that human beings should be respected and prospered. This statement also expresses the meaning of putting human as a measure of value and belief in humanity, besides expressing the meaning of working on the works of Antiquity and revealing them. He also names the teachings of Schiller (1846-1947). In a broad sense, humanity refers to the efforts of human beings to be human in the historical process and in this sense it expresses the development of the creative powers of the human being, to make it free and prosperous and to raise and advance it in every respect.

This approach is the secular interpretation of humanism. In this secular form, izm humanism is an approach that focuses on human values ​​and interests in studies, philosophy and practice. ”This approach leads to the exclusion of all anti-humanist (non-humanistic) concepts, ideas and practices. A definition that complements the above two definitions is that humanism is a term that describes a general category of moral philosophies that presume that all people are valuable and honorable.

Humanism is a term based on the concepts of human mind, ethics and justice, focusing on human values ​​and interests in theoretical and practical fields, and describing a general category of moral philosophies that presume that all people are worthy and honorable.

In the Renaissance period, dir humanism is a term that describes all kinds of reform and reform activities generally carried out by academics, writers and public leaders in the field of culture and education. motion or orientation. It has aimed to absorb this rich resource that reached the highest limits in creativity and then sail to new horizons. His research and discovery focused mainly on examples of literature and philosophy. Priority has been given to studies on the Greek language since it is necessary to know Greek well. This period of enthusiastic and dynamic quests has formed the dawn of the modern era, which has continued until today.

Early humanists

–  Who’s Dante?
–  Who’s Petrarian?
–  Who’s Boccacio?

Advanced and late humanists

–  Who’s Mirandola?
–  Who is Erasmus?
–  Who’s Luther?
–  Who’s Montaigne?

Prepared by:  Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source:  Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade Giriş Introduction to Philosophy ”and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade Tarihi History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook

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