What is Iwan Safa (Iwan Safa)?
It is a group of thinkers known as encyclopedia of Islamic philosophy . It is not known who and what the real aims of Ihvani-Safâ (The Brothers of Cleaning), which was organized as a secret and political organization based in Basra in the middle of X century. However, in the texts they left behind, there are clues indicating that this group carries Bâtınî-ismâilî tendencies.
They presented their views in a work of fifty treatises, known as the Encyclopedia of Sciences known as Resâilü İhvâni’s-Safâ. İhvân-ı Safâ argues that the religion that they think is contaminated by ignorance, superstition and heretical ideas can only be cleaned with philosophy, but argues that the salvation, peace and happiness of humanity can be provided by the philosophized religion. Since they adopt a gnostic approach, religion has two sides, one for the ignorant people and the other for the elite with high knowledge and wisdom. In connection with this, while using the symbolism of letters and numbers on the one hand , İhvân, who cares about Aristotle’s logic on the other hand , has established an eclectic system that follows the mystic tradition in ethics and the sududist in cosmology and the mystical tradition in morality (Uysal, 200: 1-6).
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade Giriş Introduction to Philosophy ”and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade Tarihi History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook