What is Modern and Modern Philosophy?
‘Modern Philosophy’ is a term that describes the 17th and 18th century philosophies according to common understanding and it is accepted that modern philosophy starts with Descartes. In the Anglo-Saxon world, there are also those who started modern philosophy with Francis Bacon.
The term ‘modern’ has a more flexible use than is believed and refers to the broad period of time starting from the 17th century to the first half of the 20th century. The philosophy made in this period is called modern philosophy. There are also those who took the beginnings of modernity back to the end of the Middle Ages or the beginning of the Renaissance. So it is appropriate to call the philosophical process from the late Middle Ages to the present day modern philosophy in general. However, in the specific sense of the term 17-18. century philosophies and the philosophy of these two centuries is sometimes called New Age Philosophy. We are here in the broad sense of the term 17-18. rationalism (empiricism), empiricism and political philosophy, 19th century idealism,
The term ‘Modern Philosophy’ refers to the period from the Renaissance to the mid-twentieth century in a broad sense, and specifically to the 17th-18th century. expresses century philosophy.
It is necessary to look at the etymology of the modern term before considering the characteristics that distinguish modern philosophy from the philosophies of previous periods. The term ‘modern’ comes from the Latin term ‘modus’. ‘Modus’ means mode, mode. The term ‘modo,’ derived from this term, refers to the present time or the last times. ‘Mode,’ which is derived from this word, also means the current style in clothing and attitudes. The term Modern modern yapmak means doing with the latest styles, methods or ideas, and continuing to do, and refers to certain contemporary trends and schools in art, music, literature and dance. The second meaning refers to the things related to or taking place in the time period from the end of the Middle Ages to the present day. Third, it refers to the final stage of the development of a language. Fourthly, he can describe a person who lives in modern time. In fact, the person who adopts modern ideas, beliefs and criteria is considered as a truly modern person. In addition, ‘modernity’ is the quality or status of being modern. ‘Modernism’ means modern practices, orientations and ideas, or sympathy for any of them (Websters, 1970: 913).
In the light of these etymological explanations, it is seen that the modern term is a term used to describe the transition from a medieval-scholastic lifestyle that lasted for ten centuries to a whole new way of life. At the end of the Middle Ages, the search for new life styles, longing, and the desire to move away from the established order made itself felt in every aspect of life. In this way, new orientations and styles began to manifest in emotions, thoughts, people and society, art, philosophy and science. To put it briefly, the period that declared the end of the Middle Ages succeeded with the innovations it brought in every field. Innovation and innovation are the most fundamental indicators of the modern age.
The main determinant of the modern era is innovation and innovation.