What was the development of philosophy in ancient times?
Since the beginning of human history, people have asked questions about the world and their place in the world.
The answers to the most fundamental questions for early societies were religious, the actions of the gods explained the functioning of the universe and provided a framework for human civilizations. However, some people found traditional religious explanations insufficient to seek reasonable answers, not traditions or religion. This shift philosophy and the birth of the first great thinker, a Greek settlement known in Turkey today that Thales of Miletuscaused the emergence of. Thales used his mind to investigate the nature of the universe and encouraged others to do the same. He left his followers not only with the answers he found, but also with the whole process of rational thinking, and with regard to what should be satisfactory explanations. Thales is therefore generally considered the first philosopher.
The most important topic that the first philosophers dwelled on was the basic question of Thales: neden Why was the world made? ”The answers formed the basis of scientific thought and the current relationship between science and philosophy. Pythagoras ‘ work, which explored the world in mathematical terms rather than the terms of a concept that could be defined as the first substance, created an important turning point. He and his students described the structure of the cosmos with numbers, proportions and geometry. Although some of these mathematical relationships gained mystical meanings for Pythagoras and his students, the numerical explanation of the universe had a significant impact on the emergence of scientific thought.
It is possible to examine the philosophy of Antin period in the following titles:
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade Giriş Introduction to Philosophy ”and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade Tarihi History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook