Who is Aristotle?

Who is Aristotle?

Ancient Greek philosopher.

Plato is one of the two most important philosophers of Western thought. He has written many works on topics such as physics, astronomy, first philosophy, zoology, logic, politics and biology.

In 384 or 385 BC, Stageira, a small Macedonian city near the hill, now called Athos Hill, was once the king of Macedonia II. He is the son of Nikomakhos, the physician of Amyntas (father of Philippos). At the age of 17 in 367 or 366 BC, Plato ‘s academy in Athens ( AkademeiaIt becomes one of Platon’s brightest bakeries. When he works as a troupe or assistant teacher, he is known for his passion for reading; (Plato, perhaps, with some kind of patronage, he puts on him the geliştir reader Is) later contributes to the teaching at the Akademia: who sometimes develops the Platonist arguments to defend it against the competitor’s school of Isokratos, sometimes even to Evdamos or Can (Fairy As in the writings of tes Psykhes, these theses write dialogues that are great. He belongs to the period of Aristotle’s dialogue writing on Gryllos or Rhetoric.

When Plato died in 347 BC, he appointed Spevsippos as his successor to Akademeia. From the antiquity, the writers of the biography – for the most part – see the real reason why Aristotle left Akademeia in this election of Plato. At least we know that Aristotle has a permanent grudge against Spevsippos. In the same year, perhaps with the encouragement of his master, he was sent to the city of Assos in the Troas region, which is now called the Biga Peninsula, with the help of Ksenokratos and Theophrastos. There he became a political adviser and friend of the Hermias of Tirana Atarnevs. At the same time, he founded a school whose specificity was already apparent. His attempts at this school include studies on life science. In the years 345-344, perhaps TheophrastosUpon arrival, he arrives at Mytilene (Mytilene) on the eastern shore of the neighboring island of Lesbos. In 343 he was called to the palace of King Philippos of Macedon in Pella (today Ayii Apostil) to undertake the education of his son Alexander. He learns the terrible end of Hermias in the hands of the Persians in 341 AD, and he makes a lament in his memory. We know nothing about the eight-year period of his residency in Pella as well as the content of his teaching duties.

With the death of Philippos BC 335 Alexander sits on the throne. Aristotle returns to Athens and rivals Akademeia to found the Lykeion or Peripatos (a courtyard or gallery surrounded by a kind of colonnade, in which he and his students discuss and circulate). The name Peripatetikoi given to the Lykeionis comes from here. She teaches twelve years here. When Alexander the Great died during an Asia campaign in 323 BC, when there was a wave of anti-Macedonian reaction in Athens, in fact, there would be a trial for disrespect to religion against Aristotle, who holds the Macedonian motto. One mortal, Hermias, is accused of immortalizing his memory by writing a hymn. Aristotle, therefore, chooses to leave Athens instead of sharing the fate of Socrates: in his own words, to the Athenians ”

Aristotle, the most important thinker of the Greek world after Plato, is a great scholar who is interested in all fields of his time (Gökberk, 1980: 76). She has continued her research and studies on various fields of knowledge such as logic, physics, metaphysics, ethics and politics, and classified them into a system by classifying them. BC He was born in Stagira, Macedonia, in 384 and came to Athens when he was 17-18 years old, becoming a student at the Academy. Although Plato had remained in Athens for almost 20 years until his death, and which later advocated views which would largely contradict his teachings, the connection he had with Plato had a significant influence on him. The points he left from Plato are particularly evident in his philosophy of philosophy and his political philosophy. In the field of knowledge philosophy, Plato defends the view that the objects of knowledge are not in this world, while Aristotle thinks that the real objects of knowledge are one and the same with the objects we perceive with our sensory organs. In the field of political philosophy, Plato struggled to develop an eternal and perfect state theory, while Aristotle began his work by examining the existing state forms and tried to find the best possible one among the existing ones.

Aristotle, who was also a tutor to Alexander the Great, came to power in the wake of the conquest of power. Established in 335. Even though his school will survive for more than 860 years, Alexander died of the situation in which the Athenians took a stand against him after the 323 death of Alexander the Great. Skirbekk and Gilje, 2001: 94- 95).

Aristotle examines each question systematically; for this reason, first, they gather together the facts about the subject dealt with and what has been said before; based on these facts, he then tries to ground his own understanding and to criticize the theories which have been proposed before him. His original size is in this systematic work.

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd and 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lesson Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook