Who is Friedrich Hegel? (1770-1831)
Establishing a large system, Kant was the famous German philosopher who had done what he said was impossible, that is, established a rational metaphysics.
Today, located in the southwest of Germany, Stuttgart is an idealistic German philosopher born in Württemberg. Its effect has been on a wide range of people in very different positions, such as those who appreciate it and those who criticize it mercilessly.
He argued that for the first time in philosophy, history and structure were important to go beyond the fascist circle of the problems of philosophy that were constantly being discussed. The conceptualization of the master-slave dialectics underlined the importance of the other for self-awareness.
The son of an officer, Hegel studied in theology at Tübingen before becoming a philosophy teacher in Bern and Frankfurt. In 1805 he became a professor at the University of Jena. Initially , he seemed to have believed in Schelling ‘s philosophy of subjective idealism, after which he started a separate system of self-defense. This philosophy, which he founded, was described in his book Phanomenologie des Geistes. After staying in Nuremberg for a while, he was professor at the University of Berlin and Heidelberg. The Encyclopedia of Logic Science and Philosophy, one of the works written in this circuit, attracted attention. Dialectical logic
to the system Hegel establishedThe statement said. Accordingly, an idea (ie, thesis), confronts with another thesis (anti-thesis), a new understanding is born that is called synthesis.
Hegel believed in Kant’s philosophy but found his ideas inadequate. Unlike Kant, he believed that people could learn everything. For Hegel, the world meant logic. When people solved the limits of logic, they would have solved the limits of human beings. For Hegel, the unique, living philosophy is the philosophy of contradictions, or rather, opposites; The flower causes the fruit to appear, but in order for the fruit to appear, the flower must be removed. So the fact of reproduction is to be both flowers and fruits. Death is both abolition and the condition of rebirth.
Hegel spent the last years of his life in Berlin. 1831 was one of the last victims of the cholera epidemic that continued during the autumn and autumn. He died suddenly after a brief illness on November 14th.
The main works of Hegel, who lived between the years 1770-1831: Phanomenologie des Geistes, Wissenschaft der Logik, Enzyklopadie der Philosophischen Wissenschaften im Grundrisse, Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts ).
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd and 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lesson Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook