Who is Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche?
Nietzsche was an existential German philosopher who lived between October 15, 1844 and August 25, 1900, and was known for his original ideas such as ”The Will of Power,” ”The Supreme, İst and ve Return of Bengi. N
Nietzsche’s doctrine of philosophy is seen as a total opposition to his age. All he has is to free man from the grip of rationality and make him think through himself. For him, God is dead, and men are all alone in the world. Therefore, people should leave aside the hopes and expectations they expect from God and devote themselves to the world. Thus, it is easier to establish a connection between thought and life.
Nietzsche argued that by trying to bring new values to people, it is possible to progress in the humanity, which consists of a majority and in the humanity, in the dominance of powerful people. The flock will sacrifice itself and determine the upper person. The upper man is seen as the person who can call me, who determines the reality he sees with his own eyes. There is a will to be stronger on the basis of all being. According to Nietzsche, human beings do not only want to protect themselves and to live, but to be stronger.
He wrote critiques on subjects such as religion, morality, contemporary culture, philosophy and science. Nietzsche’s influences on philosophy, existansialism and postmodernismhas been on. He defended the relativity of values and attacked the notions of ‘good’ and ‘bad’.
Prepared:Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University, Department of Sociology, Class 1 ”Introduction to Philosophy“ and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade ”History of Philosophy“ Lesson Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook