Abu Bakr Razi’s Understanding of Philosophy of ReligionJune 26, 2021
According to Razi, who believes in a Creator God but does not accept prophecy and religion, thanks to the power of reason and sense of justice given by God, man can find his own way without the need for a prophet or any spiritual person.
It is inconsistent with Allah’s wisdom, justice and mercy that Allah makes a prophet or a spiritual person privileged among people by equipping them with superior qualities and sending them to people as a guide. Humans are created equal in terms of intelligence and other qualities, the existence of a privileged person with superior qualities disrupts this equality.
In addition, the philosopher argues that the wars that have continued throughout history are due to the difference of religion, therefore the prophets who emerged with the claim of saving humanity prepared the disaster for humanity. Because of these thoughts, he does not hesitate to criticize any religious phenomenon.
He also says that the miracle is not different from prophecy, and the ijaz in the Qur’an is not different from a poem with high artistic value. Briefly, according to Razi, the closest servant to Almighty Allah is the most knowledgeable, the most just, the most merciful and the most compassionate. All philosophers wanted to express this with the words “Philosophy is the resemblance of man to God as much as he can”. (es-Siretu’l-philsefiyye)
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook