According to Parmenides, What Is Existence, What Does It Mean?June 27, 2021
What is the difference between the existing ones? None of the thinkers before Plato revealed the difference between the existence of a pen and the existence of a number, they thought of all beings on the same plane.
The main reason for the insolubility of the problem is that they thought of the object with its qualities. So, according to Parmenides;
1. There is everything I can think of, imagine.
2. I do not go beyond what I can think and imagine.
3. They exist, but are they real? Even if it is real, is it physically real?
This is how Parmenides draws his philosophy. According to him, the subject, the existing and the object are the same thing.
According to Parmenides, although the most basic feature of an object is its existence, Parmenides did not say in what sense this existence is. That is, is it a physical object, imagination, mythological, theoretical, mental or belief object? He did not reveal this. What they have in common is existence. Thinking is what makes it exist. In other words, thinking and being are identical at this point. Parmenides built his philosophy based on this. Accordingly, everything I think is existing, and that is real. But what kind of truth it is has not been revealed. Nevertheless, Parmenides showed that we can think of an object in an unqualified way, paving the way for the philosophy of mathematics or philosophy of science years later.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook