Alternative Opinion Development How? Alternative Vision Development MethodsDecember 21, 2019
Philosophy and high-level thinking are, first and foremost, düşünme reflection ”(reflexive thinking), as discussed in previous units.
Rather than “plain” reading of information or text, it involves reading and analyzing each information in different ways and methods, creating a new meaning, and reaching different results.
While reading the text, the facts, numerical data, information and opinions are analyzed first. It is synthesized by recombining, generalizing, re-meaninging and applying new ideas to solving conceptual or practical problems. Therefore, each text is a process of reading, essentially developing new ideas, reviewing and organizing life and actions.
In order to develop alternative and original ideas from a text, n What is the main subject, idea and argument of the text, what are their opinions, propositions and arguments that support them? ” It is necessary to answer the questions n What is the value of accuracy and reality?.. In order to answer these questions, it will be useful to look at the views, propositions, arguments, consistency and accuracy in the second unit.
It is debatable whether the views mentioned in the examined text can be understood directly. Understanding the ideas in the text is also a matter of the reader independent of the author. It is also possible to understand the ideas in the text in a different way, not as the author intended. These different perceptions can also open the horizon without injustice to the text and the author.
Alternative ideas can be about both subject and theory, as well as the way and method. In the interpretation and evaluation of the text, the following questions can be answered.
• What did you learn from this text?
• Are there any aspects of the text that correspond to the theoretical, methodical or practical, providing innovation or expansion?
• What views and arguments affected you the most?
• Do you agree with all the opinions and judgments in the text?
• What points would you put forward if you were? What information and examples would you use to support these views?
• If you were, what ways and methods would you use to deal with the issue?
• What do you think about it?
• Your analysis and evaluations; how do you think your new ideas, arguments and solutions will contribute to the current issue or life?
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and Giriş Introduction to Sociology ”Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Other Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM), MEB Philosophy Textbook, Open Education Textbook