Ancient Philosophers Who Lived in Anatolia

Ancient Philosophers Who Lived in Anatolia

June 28, 2021 Off By Felso

In the history of philosophy, 5th century BC Ancient philosophers who lived in Anatolia between the 6th century and the 6th century came to the fore with their explanations about natural events at that time. The common feature of these explanations made by the ancient philosophers who lived in Anatolia; They do not contain mythological elements and are based on natural observation and investigations.

Ancient philosophers who lived in Anatolia; They tried to explain existence, nature and the universe with certain principles within the framework of their observations. The most well-known of these are: Thales, Anaximandros, Anaximenes, Anaxagoras, Xenophanes and Heraclitus.

The works of the ancient philosophers who lived in Anatolia have a very high importance in terms of being the basis for the next ones and contributing to the development and systematization of philosophy.

At the point of the systematic beginning of philosophy, most sources point to these philosophers, which further increases their importance.

Many philosophers who contributed to philosophical thought as of the ancient period lived in the Anatolian geography. Diogenes, Aristotle, Epictetus and Lukianos are among the prominent ones.

Ancient Philosophers Who Lived in Anatolia

He lived in Milet (Aydın/Didim). According to some sources, he is considered the first philosopher and scientist of history. He put forward a principle based on matter in his explanation of the universe. Apart from philosophy, he also has studies in fields such as mathematics, geometry and astronomy. It is said to predict a solar eclipse. He is the one who created the “Thales Theorem”, which is named after him in geometry.


Like Thales, he lived in Miletus (Aydın/Didim) and is considered his student. He also worked on subjects such as mathematics, astronomy, cartography and nature. It is also said that he developed an instrument that determined the position of the sun on the sundial and drew maps of the earth.


He is one of the philosophers who lived in Milet (Aydın/Didim). He is considered to be a student of Anaximander. His thoughts on the universe system and the formation of beings have come to the fore in the history of philosophy. He worked in the field of astronomy. He gave accurate information about solar and lunar eclipses.


He lived in Klazomenai (İzmir/Urla). In the history of philosophy, it has come to the fore with the concept of “nous” for the basis of beings. This concept refers to the principle that organizes and moves matter according to a purpose.


He lived in Ephesos (İzmir/Ephesus/Selçuk). He came to the fore with the idea of ​​being on assets. He was called “Dark Heraclitus” because his works were difficult to understand and he made his expression in the form of aphorisms. In the history of thought, he is the owner of the saying “You cannot enter the same river twice”.


He was born in Hierapolis (Denizli/Pamukkale). Epictetus, one of the representatives of Stoic philosophy, is known for his thoughts in the field of morality. He is a philosopher who was born as a slave in the period and was later freed from slavery. He came to the fore with his ideas on issues such as wisdom, will, freedom and harmony with nature.


He was born in Sinope (Sinop). He is a philosopher who defends the “Cynic” philosophical doctrine. Diogenes, who lived in a basket on the pier, argued that property is not important in life and that people should live in accordance with nature. Alexander the Great, King of Macedonia, who came to visit him, said, “Do you have a request from me?” In response to his statement, “Shading does not require other benevolence.” He is a philosopher who has clearly expressed his thoughts with his words.

Luke (Lukianos)

He was born in Şamisat (Adıyaman/Samsat). He especially wrote works on morality. He is a strong rhetorician (The art of persuading with words.). He criticized the thoughts and mythological beliefs of the period, especially the Cynics.

Xenophanes (Kycephones)

He was born in Kolophon (İzmir/Değirmendere). He created ideas about the cultural life of people and society.


Aristotle, one of the most important philosophers in the history of philosophy, was counted among the philosophers living in Anatolia because he spent a part of his life in Assos (Çanakkale/Ayvacık) and did philosophical studies there.

Aristotle, who came to the fore with his works in many fields of knowledge such as logic, politics and biology, expressed views in most of these fields and whose influence lasted for ages.

He is also known as the first historian of philosophy and science due to the information he gave about the philosophies and scientific studies before him. Aristotle, who is known as the first biologist in terms of classifying living things, also taught the Macedonian King Alexander the Great.


He was born in Ayvacık, Çanakkale. After Kleanthes went to Athens, he became a student of Zeno and became the head of his school after he died. The first profession of Kleanthes, who was very poor and worked in the gardens, was boxing.

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Ataturk University Sociology Department 1st Class “