Antonio Gramsci’s Philosophy

Antonio Gramsci’s Philosophy

June 26, 2021 Off By Felso

Gramsci is regarded as one of the most important Marxist theorists of the 20th century, especially as one of the main thinkers of Western Marxism. While in prison Gramsci wrote more than 30 notebooks and a total of 3000 pages of history and analysis. These writings were called the Prison Notebooks. While tracing Gramsci’s Italian history and nationalism, The Prison Notebooks also contains some of his thoughts on Marxist theory, critical theory, and the educational theory that goes by his name.

Key topics covered:

– Hegemony as a means of building the capitalist state,
– The need for popular workers’ education to enable its intellectuals to emerge among the working class,
– The distinction between political society (police, army, legal system, etc.) where sovereignty is achieved directly or through force, and civil society (family, education system, trade unions, etc.)
– ‘Absolute historiography’,
– Criticism of economic determinism,
– Philosophical critique of materialism.


Sovereignty (Hegamony)

Intellectuals and Education

State and Civil Society


Critique of Economism

Criticism of Materialism