Aristotle’s Conception of IdealismJune 28, 2021
Aristotle, a student of Plato, argues that existence, like his teacher Plato, is of the type of idea. According to him, what really exists is only the idea, that is, the form in his own words. Form is the essence that makes a thing whatever it is. The point that separates Aristotle from Plato is that, according to Aristotle, the idea, that is, the form, does not have a separate existence apart from concrete entities, away from them.
According to him, the idea or form exists as the essence of concrete entities, and it exists in the concrete entity itself. In other words, the idea is the cause of the existence of individual objects, and everything in the sensible world is matter that has taken form.
Aristotle argues that the beings in the external world consist of two elements, matter and form. For example, consider a crown made of gold. The material of that crown is gold and its form is the shape given to the crown by the craftsman. All beings in the world, whether animate or inanimate, are made up of matter and form. Man is also composed of matter and form. Body (meat, bone…) is matter, spirit is form.
In order to understand Aristotle’s understanding of matter and form more clearly, we would suggest that you take a look at Aristotle’s teaching of the four reasons.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook