Aristotle’s Understanding of Happiness, Happiness, What is Eudaimonism?July 2, 2021
Happiness, also known as Happiness or Eudaimonism, is a moral philosophy movement based on the view that human behavior is determined by the desire for happiness. Mutism is an active view in Ancient Greek philosophy. Ancient Greek philosophy is mostly a system of philosophy based on Happiness, Happiness, Eudaimonism.
ETHICAL APPROACH OF MUTÇULUK
According to the understanding of happiness, the highest good is happiness. According to Socrates, happiness, which is the supreme good, is moral happiness, which is achieved through knowledge. Happiness achieved through knowledge, the happiness of the wise, is a theme accepted by almost all Greek thinkers after Socrates.
For example, according to the hedonist Aristippus, real pleasure is continuous, and continuous pleasure can be reached with wisdom. According to Epicurus, true happiness is a kind of high apathy achieved through virtue (See: What is Hedonism?). Virtue is an act that makes the wise man do everything that works for his own happiness and avoids everything that will cause his own unhappiness. The Stoic Zeno is of the same opinion, that the highest virtue is to live happily, which is achieved through wisdom, and wisdom is achieved by acting in accordance with nature. In a way, all teachings are aimed at happiness. Man searches for ways to reach happiness with various teachings.
HAPPINESS – LIFE RELATION
Happiness, according to almost all teachings, means living well. The understanding of happiness, which is much more scientific than the religious understanding that transfers happiness to the afterlife, despite its weakness in reducing the social to the individual and considering the conditions of happiness the same and valid at all times and everywhere, has a superior power to seek ways to make people happy in this world. The French materialists, the English utilitarians and the American pragmatists, with all their idealistic fallacies, basically started out from the notion of happiness.
Aristotle’s book, Nicomachean Ethics, which he dedicated to his son, Nikhomachus, states, “A cloud does not bring winter, a flower does not bring summer.” expression passes.
What did Aristotle mean by this phrase? Maybe he talked about this: A single flower blooming on a branch, a single hot day may not prove that the summer season has arrived. Likewise, a person cannot say that he finds true happiness after every moment that gives him pleasure.
According to him, real happiness is not a short-term pleasure. Aristotle also thought, surprisingly, that children cannot be happy. If children can’t be happy either, it is of course possible to think who can be happy. From this point of view, it is possible to understand how his understanding of happiness is different from our understanding of happiness. Children have just begun their lives and therefore do not have a complete life in any sense. Aristotle argues that true happiness requires a longer life.
Aristotle is a student of Plato, and Plato is a student of Socrates. Therefore, these great thinkers form the links of a chain: Socrates-Plato-Aristotle. In this list, Socrates stands out as a good speaker, Plato as a successful writer, and Aristotle as someone who is interested in everything. Socrates and Plato thought of the world we see as a pale reflection of the true reality that can only be reached by abstract philosophical thought, and Plato, for example, explained this situation with his theory of ideas; but Aristotle, on the contrary, was a philosopher who was fascinated by the details of everything around him.
Plato might be content to philosophize from his seat, but Aristotle wanted to explore the reality we experience with our senses. He rejected his teacher’s understanding of the theory of ideas and instead believed that the way to understand any category was to study its particular instances. So if you want to understand what a cat is, you should look at real cats instead of thinking abstractly about the concept of cat.
Another question that Aristotle focused on was “How should we live”. This question was asked by Socrates and Plato before. In fact, the need to answer this is one of the reasons that lead people to philosophy in the first place. Aristotle had his own answer, too. In its simplest form, it was this: seek happiness. So what does this “seeking happiness” mean? When you say seek happiness today, most people think of a way to have fun. Maybe happiness for you is going on exotic vacations, going to music festivals or parties, or spending time with your friends. It can also mean curling up with your favorite book or visiting an art gallery. For Aristotle, all this could be part of a good life, but he certainly did not believe that the best way to live was to go outside and seek pleasure. For Aristotle, this alone would not be a good life. The Greek word used by Aristotle (pronounced “you-die-moania” but with the opposite meaning) was eudaimonia, which is sometimes translated as “progress” or “success” rather than “happiness.”