Arthur Schopenhauer’s PhilosophyJune 26, 2021
It is his style of detail that first stands out in Schopenhauer’s works, especially in “The World as Will and Representation”.
Schopenhauer’s work(s) was written in a much simpler, clearer and clearer style compared to the styles of Kant and Hegel, whose influence was unquestionably great in his period. At the same time, his style was marked by an “outspokenness” to the extreme. This is one of the main reasons why the works did not attract much attention when they were first published; Schopenhauer was exceedingly outspoken, certainly not humble or modest, his ideas were revolutionary, and he was not in a good mood for Hegel, perhaps the philosophical authority of the time.
While agreeing with Kant’s idea that “we cannot grasp realities about the phenomenal world beyond what we perceive”, he thought that our bodies were a real part of the phenomenal world and that we could approach the realities of the phenomenal world through our bodies. After all, our knowledge of our bodies is more than perceptual, it is information that arises from our feelings and comes from within ourselves. According to Schopenhauer, the reality within us is suppressed by our consciousness. However, these repressed unconscious realities (will) can be expressed sufficiently without being conceptualized especially through art, without being limited to words.
According to Schopenhauer, unconscious facts, namely the will, exist in a suppressed form under the conscious. Will is a vital force; resisting, forcing. All of our actions are rooted in a will that is tried to be suppressed or expressed. The will is the insatiable vital force found in all nature. Schopenhauer was able to explain any emotional state with the concept of will. While suffering is the obstruction of the path to the goal of the will, happiness and joy are the achievement of the will, that is, its goal. If we define unconsciousness, the will, in Schopenhauer’s own words: “The unconscious is the initial and natural state of everything, therefore it is also a foundation, from which, in certain kinds of being, consciousness arises as the highest maturation. That is why the unconscious always tries to dominate. continues.”
Clearly, Schopenhauer was the first to lay the foundations for many of the views that underlie today’s world of thought and science. In particular, his contributions to Freud, and thus to psychoanalysis, were undoubtedly enormous.
Schopenhauer’s thoughts on life and existence in particular have a more ruthless pessimism than his general pessimism. Maybe that’s why he’s so famous for his pessimistic thoughts on life. It was also a lack of humanity in a subject for which he was very famous. His aversion to humans is all too obvious, as he refers to humans as “bipedal animals”. Also, he saw apathy and isolation from people as a virtue rather than a deficiency. According to Schopenhauer, a virtuous and mature person is complete enough to ask nothing from others, is self-sufficient, and therefore does not see the need to be with people or establish various relationships with them.
Schopenhauer has many different views on woman, life, death and sexuality. Each and every one of them are important views that have left their mark on our journey of thought.