Baruch Spinoza and 17th Century PhilosophyJune 26, 2021
Spinoza has also been one of the original followers of Descartes’ philosophy.
It is known that he, like Malebranche, made an effort to combine rationalism and mysticism. Spinoza’s basic principle is what he refers to as “the love of God”. Rationalism is a method and a theoretical tool used on the way to this love. In this respect, Spinozian philosophy has been seen as a complete pantheism. According to him, existence is full of God, that is, the universe is God himself (Malebranche, unlike Malebranche, found the universe in God).
God or Nature has the same meaning in Spinoza’s philosophy, and the essential here is to realize what Spinoza refers to as “knowing God”. God is absolute substance, that is, a cause that cannot be caused by any other cause than himself, and he produced everything that exists from his own essence. Therefore, all the ideas of objects are also present in God himself. Here, object and knowledge, reality and concept become a unity.
Likewise, the logical reason and the real/material cause are combined. Thus, just as God’s own existence is the cause and source of all that exists, the idea of God must be taken as the source and basis of all knowledge. Accordingly, the Spinozist ethics appears as an ethics in which man directs himself to the love or knowledge of God, and that he must obey the basic law or necessity that determines him.