Bertrand Russell’s Philosophical ViewsJune 26, 2021
Bertrand Russell, Gottlob Frege, G.E. Along with Moore and Ludwig Wittgenstein, he is considered the founder of analytical philosophy. Russell made philosophical analysis the basic method of academic philosophy. It can be said that almost every philosopher working in the field of analytical philosophy was influenced to some extent by Russell.
Throughout his academic life, Russell has worked in almost every field from logic to philosophy of mathematics, from metaphysics to moral philosophy, from epistemology to the history of philosophy. In these works, he also defended different philosophical positions and changed the views he initially defended over time. One of Russell’s most important features is that his work creates new areas of discussion. Almost all of Russell’s original work includes topics that other philosophers have taken interest in and that he has opened up new debates, albeit often criticizing Russell. Considered one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century, Ludwig Wittgenstein was a student of Russell at the University of Cambridge between 1911 and 1914. From Alfred J. Ayer to Rudolf Carnap; From Alonzo Church to Kurt Gödel; From David Kaplan to Saul Kripke; Many logicians and philosophers, from Karl Popper to W. V. Quine, benefited from and were influenced by Russell’s work. In this respect, it can be said that Russell is one of the most influential figures in the history of philosophy, especially in the 20th century.
Russell’s discovery of the paradox named after him in Frege’s project to reduce mathematics to logic started a new era in the philosophy of mathematics. The theory of types, which he developed with Alfred North Whitehead in Principia Mathematica to solve this paradox and some other paradoxes in set theory, has been decisive on the course of development of later philosophy of mathematics.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook