Birth of Philosophy, Emergence of PhilosophyJune 28, 2021
The birth of philosophy, the emergence of philosophy can be explained as follows: Philosophy first began in BC. It emerged in the city of Miletos (Milet), which was an important trade center and port city in the Ionian civilization in the 7th century.
The reason for everything was sought in mythology during the period from the pre-Christian era to the birth of philosophy.
While explaining things, interpretations of events and objects were developed by making inferences on religious foundations.
For example, events such as a lightning flash, which occurred as a natural event, were interpreted as the anger of Gods to people on a religious basis. That is, it was perceived as the gods shouting and throwing spears at the earth.
The philosophy that would later emerge in the Ionian civilization sought the realization of this lightning strike for another reason. He tried to find a logical explanation for this situation. This is the first spark of philosophy.
BIRTH OF PHILOSOPHY
In the 6th century BC, ancient Greece lived in the style of city-states with their developed economies on the Mediterranean and Aegean coasts of today’s Greece and Anatolia.
They have taken the activities of other civilizations in fields such as thinking, science, technique and mathematics. They synthesized these values with their own products in this field. The fusion of this synthesis with mythology, which was the belief of that period, revealed philosophy.
Thales is accepted as the first philosopher of philosophy, which is the common accumulation of humanity.
THE ARISING OF PHILOSOPHY: WHAT IS IONIA?
Ionia, which is accepted as the place where philosophy emerged, is the name given to the coastline of today’s İzmir and Aydın provinces in Anatolia in Antiquity. It is a civilization founded around Miletus, Ephesus, Foça and Izmir by the Achaeans who fled from Greece as a result of the Doric invasion.
Before Ionia, important thought systems developed in Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, India and the lands dominated by the Turks. However, since there are many religious and mystical (mythological) components in the structures of these thought systems, they are not called “philosophy”.
The main reason why the Ionian thought system is described as philosophy is that this thought system is based on reason independently and by getting rid of religious and mythological explanations.
Ionia; It is a civilization founded around Miletus, Ephesus, Foça and Izmir. Miletos, known as the birthplace of philosophy, is located in this region.
IONIAN THINKING STRUCTURE: PHILOSOPHY
It is not a coincidence that the philosophical mentality first emerged in Ionia as a systematic and only rational thought system. Namely, Miletus, which was heavily influenced by Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Iranian and Phoenician cultures, is a busy port city where agriculture and maritime are highly developed.
In addition, the robustness of its economic structure has brought about the development of social knowledge and tolerance in this city. In other words, the environment in the city of Miletus is tolerant enough to allow different beliefs and thoughts. Science, commerce, etc. without being pressured. The people of Miletus, who gravitate towards things, created the birth of philosophy on their own in this free environment.
This favorable environment has paved the way for thinkers like Thales to emerge. In this process, which started with Thales (624-546 BC), natural events were tried to be explained by natural causes and the belief that human mind was sufficient was tried to be ensured.
According to all these, the emergence of philosophy was based on certain conditions.
WHAT ARE THE CONDITIONS PREPARING THE EMERGENCY OF PHILOSOPHY?
The emergence of philosophy is a result of attaining a high level of prosperity (People must have time to think about man, society, life, etc.).
Philosophy; It has existed as a result of cultural richness, knowledge and open-mindedness.
The existence of an environment of tolerance, which would allow different beliefs and thoughts, has been extremely effective in the emergence of philosophy.
Finally, the human factor comes to the fore as an indispensable part of philosophy. human factor; It is a premise based on one’s curiosity, astonishment and hunger for knowledge.
Ionia, which has these conditions in excess, is a cradle for philosophy and philosophy first emerged here based on these reasons. At that time, the first person to fulfill this condition was Thales of Miletus. Thales was not content with the explanations of Greek religion and mythology, he developed a system based on reason, and by making his explanations with this system, he sought an answer to the question of what the first main substance of the universe (Arche) was.
THE EMERGING OF PHILOSOPHY
There are multiple beginnings for philosophy. The historical sequence of events is tried to be made by coming from the past to the present, and more often by going back to the present. “What will be searched for?” The question shows which subject is being considered rather than the problem of time.
They can be regarded as a separate starting point for cultures that process problems and try to reach the correct knowledge of what is seen as valuable for philosophy.