Childhood and Youth of Albert CamusJune 26, 2021
One of the most powerful French writers of the 20th century, Albert Camus was born in 1913 in the Algerian town of Mondovi. Camus’ father, who came from a poor family, was an Algerian French and his mother was Spanish. During the First World War, he lost his father in 1914. His mother tried to educate her son by working as a domestic servant.
However, Camus left home to lead a more independent life. In 1923 he was accepted to high school and then to the University of Algiers. During his university education, his health deteriorated and in 1930 he contracted tuberculosis. Due to his illness, he had to quit the goalkeeper of the university team. After that, Camus, who started to work in various jobs, could only complete his philosophy education in 1936.
He joined the French Communist Party in 1934. The source of this movement was his concern for the political situation in Spain that would later result in civil war, rather than his support for Marxist-Leninist doctrine. Three years later, however, he was expelled from the party on charges of Trotskyism stemming from his closeness to Stalinist communism. Camus married Simone Hie in 1934. Simone was a morphine addict, and her marriage to Camus ended due to Simone’s infidelity. He founded the “Worker’s Theatre” (Théâtre du Travail) in 1935, but this theater closed in 1939. In the same year, he was not accepted into the French army due to tuberculosis.
He married the pianist and mathematician Francine Faure in 1940 and they had twin children, Catherine and Jean, on September 5, 1945. In the same year, he started working for Paris-Soir magazine. He remained a pacifist in the early part of the Second World War, still called the “Fake War”. However, this attitude changed with the occupation of Paris by the German army and the execution in front of his eyes of communist journalist Gabriel Péri in 1941, causing him to revolt as well. He went to Bordeaux with the Paris-Soir team and completed his first books “The Stranger” and “The Myth of Sisyphus” in the same year. Camus left Bordeaux in 1942, went to Oran, Algeria, and then returned to Paris.