Christian Philosophy, Main Features of Christian PhilosophyJune 28, 2021
Christian philosophy is a nomenclature used for Western philosophy in the process that began with the emergence of Christianity and continued until the 15th century. The philosophy put forward to ground the Christian religion is called Christian philosophy.
Christian philosophy differs from the phrase “philosophy of religion”, which has a general meaning, in that it is unique to Christianity. In fact, all the thought-provoking doctrines (idealism) advanced by Christian thinkers, especially objective idealism, is a purely Christian philosophy. Because they were put forward in order to consolidate and ground Christian Theism.
Thinkers like Berkeley and Hegel openly connect with Christianity in their teachings. However, the phrase “Christian philosophy” is generally understood to refer to religious fictions put forward in terms of the Christian church.
The medieval period of Western philosophy, which is based on ancient Greek philosophy, is a purely Christian philosophy. After the last Greek schools were closed in the 5th century AD, Western thought focused almost exclusively on Christianity for ten centuries.
The fathers of the Christian church, who had to fight Greek stoicism in the first years, found this intellectual basis first in the teaching of Plato and then in the teaching of Aristotle. The patristic period is the reign of Plato, and the scholastic period is the reign of Aristotle. The distinctive feature of both periods is that they linked philosophical problems to some indisputable dogmas.
For centuries, Christian thinkers have tried to make clear the contradictions in these dogmas understandable. The dogmas of Christianity that emerged as a Jewish sect are, in fact, the dogmas of Judaism. Christian philosophy was born to support these dogmas and is the servant of Christian theology.
Almost all the thinkers of this age are clergy, they are servants of the Christian church.
This means that Christian philosophy is a philosophy that is in the service of the holy Roman church empire (La. Sacrum Imperium Romanum) and can be shaped according to its commands. This is contradictory to the true meaning of the concept of philosophy.
In this respect, it can be said that Christian philosophy is a continuation of Ancient Greek idealism within the Christian religious dimensions. Moreover, Christianity is inherent in Greek stoicism.
Christianity faced some philosophical views in the process of spreading.
Philosophy has criticized the principles and explanations of Christianity. In order to defend these criticisms made against the Christian religion, thoughtful doctrines (idealism), especially objective thought philosophies, have been developed by Christian thinkers.
These thought-provoking teachings asserted an idealistic worldview and, most commonly, the immaterial spirit or God with religious teachings.
The philosophy of objective thoughtfulness also names the philosophical teachings that take on a more abstract appearance than the religious teachings and assert that a spiritual essence exists before the universe, without specifically mentioning the idea of a God.
The philosophy of the philosophers, who support the ideas that make up these philosophies, is also known as apology (defense). Although this defense philosophy was made against some philosophical views in the early days, it has become a religious explanation over time.
The Middle Ages of Western philosophy, especially based on Ancient Greek philosophy, is a purely Christian philosophy.
After the last Greek philosophy schools were closed in the 5th century AD, Western thought for ten centuries thought almost exclusively about religion and specifically Christianity, and the philosophy in this process was called Christian philosophy or Christian philosophy.
In about a thousand years during the aforementioned process, religious beliefs and philosophical thoughts merged and religion began to take an effective role in all fields of philosophy. As the negative reflections of this effect, the exclusion of science as well as philosophy in this period can be shown. In this period, philosophy and science centers were closed one by one.
For example, in the 5th century, the Library of Alexandria, which was thought to have the largest literary archive of its period, was burned and destroyed on the grounds that scientific and philosophical studies harmed Christian thought. It is accepted that this annihilation is one of the events that most deeply affected the history of world science. For similar reasons, the Greek Academy was closed in the 6th century.
CHAPTERS OF CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY
Spread over an extremely long period of time, Christian philosophy is classified into two main periods. These are called the Patristic Period and the Scholastic Period.
Although some historians of philosophy call the whole of the Middle Ages the Scholastic Period, we consider the period starting with Augustine to be the beginning and we consider it appropriate to name the period up to William of Ockham. Even before this period, P