Concepts of Right, Justice and FreedomJune 28, 2021
Right, justice and freedom are the basic concepts of political philosophy. The peace and happiness of all or most of the people; It depends on the provision of rights, justice and freedom in the social order.
Rights are the powers that the legal order provides to people and means the protection of personal interests by the rules of law. There are two meanings of the concept of right that overlap with this form. The first is the freedom of behavior that is allowed and not prohibited in a subject. For example, the freedoms afforded by law to people. The second is what people can ask and make demands of another person, community or state. For example, it is a right of a citizen who pays his taxes to expect service from the state. Rights today; It includes three areas: personal, social, economic and political rights.
Justice is giving everyone what is necessary and giving his due. It enables people to exercise their rights within the principle of equality. While justice is a concept of law, it is also related to the consciousness of being just. Being fair requires impartiality. For example, equality of all before the law is a prerequisite for ensuring justice.
The concept of freedom in politics is defined as the freedom to act with one’s will without harming anyone and without interference from anyone. Freedom includes the formation and expression of thought as well as behavior. What freedom is and how it is possible is the main problem of political philosophy. In political philosophy, freedom is considered as a practical phenomenon rather than being a moral concept.
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook