Development of Ancient Greek PhilosophyJune 28, 2021
With the increasing importance of the Greek city-states, philosophy also spread from Ionia to the whole Greek world and especially to Athens; The city quickly became the cultural center of Greece.
“How do we know what we know?” or “How should we live our lives?” This is where they expanded the scope of philosophy by adding new questions such as It was Socrates, who was also an Athenian, who started the period of Classical Greek philosophy, which was short-lived but great in its effects. Although he left no written text, his ideas were so important that they were used to chart the path of philosophy, and philosophers before him were called “pre-Socratic.”
Socrates’ student, Plato, founded a philosophy school in Athens, where his teacher developed and taught his ideas, transferred them to his students like Aristotle, who was a student and teacher there for 20 years, and named the “academy” (“academic” comes from there). The opposing views and methods of these great thinkers—Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle—formed the foundations of what we now call Western philosophy, and their disagreements have continued to divide philosophers throughout history.
Classical period of Ancient Greece Alexander the Great BC. It ended with his death in 323. This great leader had united Greece, and the Greek city-states that had once worked together became rivals again with his death. Aristotle’s BC After his death in 322, philosophy was divided into very different schools of thought as Cynics, Septics, Epicureans and Stoics.
Over the next few centuries, Greek culture weakened with the growth of the Roman empire. The Romans had little time to deal with Greek philosophy other than stoicism, but Greek ideas persisted, preserved mainly in manuscripts and translations of the Arab world, and then resurfaced with the rise of Christianity and Islam in the Middle Ages.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook