Deviation from Linguistic PhilosophyDecember 24, 2019
This process, in which language is placed at the center of philosophy, is a process where we also learn how misleading language can be , especially starting from Kant .
Kant, especially in the dialectical part of his first critique, has shown how many issues that philosophers have not hesitated to speak for over the centuries have exceeded the limits of reason, in other words, how illusory the language we are in making metaphysics.
Frege ‘s work has taught us that the language we use for numbers leads us to treat numbers as non-linguistic entities, but when we analyze the logic of language sufficiently, how can the correct propositions of numbers be handled in language? In addition, the Russell ParadoxIt has been shown that the definition of clusters with verbal expressions may lead to contradictions and hence it is necessary to impose some restrictions on the use of language. In short, language can mislead us. Therefore, the primary interest of philosophy is to understand the functioning of language and to limit its use in a way that protects ourselves from mistakes and illusions. Before the questions such as what exists or does not exist, what we know and what we do not know, the question of what we can express to what extent has become the main subject of philosophy. This shift in focus in philosophy is also called sap deviation to linguistic philosophy ”(to turn to lingusitic philosophy” or “lingusitic turn”).
Richard Rorty’s anthology titled “linguistic return iştir made this term popular: Richard Rorty (ed.) (1967). The University of Chicago Press. Chicago and London. The first use of the term is attributed to the Austrian philosopher Gustav Bergmann (1906 – 1987).
The twentieth century witnessed two separate phases and two different forms of language philosophy. In the first stage, the analysis of language based on the logic that began to develop after Frege and the distinction between meaningful and non-meaningful based on these analyzes have come to the forefront. The second stage is that philosophers have turned to the language itself as we use it in everyday life rather than logic as an ideal – formal language.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade Giriş Introduction to Philosophy ”and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade Tarihi History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook