Eclecticism, What is Eclecticism, What Does It Mean?July 1, 2021
The questions of what is eclecticism or eclecticism can be answered as follows: Eclecticism or eclecticism is the sea to combine the teachings selected from different thought systems in a separate system.
WHAT IS ECECTICISM?
Eclecticism is a philosophy that does not have a single and specific direction, and gathers what it deems necessary from various philosophical movements. Eclecticism does not adopt the whole of the systems from which the teachings are taken, nor does it aim to analyze between them. Therefore, it is different from the understanding of syncretism, which is a method of combining or reconciling thought systems.
Eclecticism is not just a philosophical concept. Eclecticism is also the name given, for example, to the reuse of elements taken from art systems in a new system. Eclecticism refers to the fact that elements selected from different eras or styles from any field, subject or substance are brought together to create a new design, product or thought flow and are used together in a way that supports each other.
A philosopher as well as a statesman can be eclectic, not in principle but because he sees the true value of the views put forward by opposing parties. Such a tendency is seen when systems lose their novelty or when historical conditions and knowledge change, and the inadequacies of the systems become apparent.
SCHOOL OF ECECTICISM
The French thinker Victor Cousin established a school of philosophy from the method of eclecticism. Cousin’s doctrine of eclecticism fuses Plato and Kant. If it is accepted that each system forms an inseparable whole with its teachings at the level of abstract thought, eclecticism can be criticized because of the inconsistencies that may arise from bringing together the teachings chosen arbitrarily from different systems. But in practice, the eclectic perspective can be useful in many ways.