Edmund Husserl’s Approach to the Philosophy of BeingJune 26, 2021
Husserl, who divides the field of existence into two as one “flow of consciousness” and the other “reality”, argues that the way these are given is also different, and he enters the field of “consciousness being” perceived and grasped by an immanent power of comprehension.
Objects outside this realm of existence do not participate in consciousness relations, they have a separate position. Therefore “object being” is transcendent. This transcendent field of being can only be grasped as appearance (Erscheinen). Whereas the stream of consciousness (Erleibnis) is invisible. While Husserl divides the field of existence into two as immanent and transcendent, he tries to preserve the integrity of the being by the method adopted by his system, starting from the phenomenon of immanent perception and transcendent perception.
According to Husseri, when viewed from another angle, existence is also divided into two as absolute and relative. Pure existence is that which is itself and does not require any other existence for its existence. This being “has no basis other than itself”. As a matter of fact, this being can exist without the universe. Pure consciousness is such a being, it exists with itself and before all objects. “Real being”, on the other hand, is based on giving meaning to an object. In order for it to exist, there must be a being before it and to give it meaning. This meaning-giving being is pure consciousness. Because of this feature, pure consciousness is pure existence, the basis of all types of existence. Relative existence, on the other hand, is an entity that is outside of pure consciousness, requires a meaning-giving entity, and cannot exist by itself.
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