Edmund Husserl’s Understanding of LogicJune 26, 2021
Referring to the problems of logic in his main work, Logische Untersuchungen Mani (“Investigations in Logic”), Husserl begins by criticizing previous thought systems in this area.
According to him, covering a very large area, especially in the 19th century. The views put forward by movements such as positivism and nominalism are not suitable for solving logical problems. Although logic forms the basis of a normative doctrine, it is not itself a normative science. The laws of logic cannot be regarded as general rules. The laws of logic have some claims about existence, but not a single one of them can be valid in the field of duty.
In particular, the principle of non-contradiction does not mean that two contradictory propositions cannot be put forward, but that two contradictory situations cannot be found on a particular issue. However, the laws of logic are ideal and a priori, they have nothing to do with thought or judgment. The object that logic should examine is the ideally ordered content of the judgment. Because of this feature, it is wrong to associate logic with psychology and to consider it a branch of psychology.
According to Husserl, there is a special field of signs that form the basis of logic. There is a connection between the theory that aims to explain this field and the grammar originating from philosophy. This connection, on the one hand, is also about mathematics. Husserl deeply influenced the philosophy of the 20th century with the phenomenology he developed, especially allowing Nicolai Harcmann to deal with this subject in terms of ontology. Phenomenology, which has led to the emergence of new views and interpretations in the fields of logic, psychology, mathematical logic, epistemology, aesthetics and morality, has been brought to the agenda again in recent years.
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2) Encyclopedia of Philosophers; Cemil Sena
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