Emile Durkheim and the Development of SociologyJune 26, 2021
Emile Durkheim is the first professional, academic French sociologist appointed to the Chair of Sociology.
According to Durkheim, sociology is a profession. It almost single-handedly forced the academic community to accept sociology as a full and independent scientific discipline.
Durkheim, both in his teaching and in his research, revealed the criteria that enable the evaluation of sociology. As a result, he published the first comprehensive methodological study of sociology in 1895, and in this work, none of the important sociologists of the nineteenth century “can go beyond generalizations about the nature of societies, about the relations between the social and biological fields”, and to a large extent “the most general resources available to sociological research”. He observed that they spend money on cursory research” (Durkheim; 1982; p. 48). The task Durkheim set before himself was to determine the object of sociology and the methods appropriate to it. Her; His contributions to the study of the fields of industrialization, suicide, religion, ethics, and the methodology of social science have sparked great controversy; however, the effects of these studies on both the development of sociology and other fields of social sciences, especially anthropology, were also extensive.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Sociology Department “History of Sociology” Course, Personal Lecture Notes of Ömer YILDIRIM; A Brief History of Sociological Thought (Alan Swingewood)