Emile Durkheim; Social Division of Labor, Unity and ConflictJune 26, 2021
The division of labor develops a theory of historical evolution, in which societies pass from a state of mechanical solidarity to a state of organic solidarity through a process naturally determined by the division of labor.
Durkheim points out in the preface of the first edition of this work that the origins of the division of labor are closely tied to the relation of individual solidarity to social solidarity: “Why should the individual be more dependent on society while becoming more autonomous? How can one become more individual and more at the same time? “These two movements appear as contradictions and develop parallel to each other. What resolves this contradiction is a transformation of social solidarity due to the ever-expanding development of the division of labor.”