Encyclopedia Studies of Jean le Rond d’AlembertJune 27, 2021
In 1745, at the request of a bookstore, Diderot sought help from d’Alembert, thinking of preparing a comprehensive encyclopedia that would give all the developments in science, fine arts and crafts. D’Alembert also undertook the writing and editing of most of the mathematics items in the Encyclopedia and some of the philosophy and music items.
The introduction to the first volume, published on July 1, 1751, was also written by d’Alembert. In this preface titled Discours Preliminaire, d’Alembert, who evaluated and classified the branches of science, also drew a general picture of the development of thought in Europe starting from the Renaissance and the knowledge of that age. In 1757, when he went to see Voltaire, who lived near Geneva, he took the opportunity to write an article about Geneva. Criticizing the general intolerance of theater and praising the Geneva clergy’s plan to establish a theatre, this article, when published in volume 7 of the Encyclopedia, provoked an unprecedented backlash in conservative circles. On the one hand, this debate, which grew with Rousseau’s participation, and on the other hand, the difficulties they encountered in publishing the Encyclopedia, frightened d’Alembert; In 1758, he withdrew his share in the organization and left the editorial board and devoted all his time to scientific studies.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım
Source: Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM)