Farabi and her Moral PhilosophyJune 28, 2021
According to him, the purpose of human actions is to achieve the highest good.
The highest good is happiness. In order to reach happiness, a person must first understand himself and then the universe. This is possible only through reason and education. Everything in the universe was formed by God, the necessary being, through overflow (water). Knowing the universe means knowing the necessary existence from which everything is water (overflow). Necessary being is the source of the highest good and good. The real being is actually God. Since the real being is God, the laws of the universe are based on the laws that God has set. Good behavior for human beings is behavior done in accordance with these laws.
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook