Farabi and Idealism (Thoughtism), Farabi’s Conception of IdealismJune 28, 2021
Another philosopher who argues that existence is of the type of idea is the Turkish thinker Farabi, the founder of Islamic philosophy. Farabi based on Aristotle’s views on existence and tried to reconcile his ideas with Islamic belief.
According to Farabi’s view of existence, there are two kinds of existence: possible existence (possible body) and necessary existence (vacibul body). All beings in the world are possible beings. They are beings that cannot exist on their own and need someone else to exist. It is possible for them not to exist as well as to exist. According to Farabi, possible beings derive their existence from God, the first being. The necessary being is God, who is one and true. God does not need another being to exist. Its Matter and form are absent. Only in him is essence and substance one. God, the necessary being, knows everything. It is pure love and pure goodness. According to Farabi, the universe is the product of God’s generosity.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook