Farabi and Rationalism (Rationality)June 29, 2021
Farabi is a philosopher of Turkish origin. Considered the founder of Islamic philosophy, Fârâbî established his own system by benefiting from the views of Aristotle and Plotinos. The aim of his philosophy is to try to put the religion of Islam on a philosophical basis.
Fârâbî’s views on knowledge are compatible with Aristotle’s views. According to him, there are three sources of knowledge. These; sense, mind and evil eye. Sensory information is the information received through the sense organs, which is singular. Thanks to the mind, we observe what is happening in our inner world, our state of mind. The evil eye corresponds to innate thoughts. Through the evil eye, which expresses deep thinking, we grasp the thoughts that are born in the mind. Sense and mind give direct information, while the evil eye gives indirect information. Individual information pertaining to the external world perceived by the sense organs is not correct information. This information only constitutes the material of correct information. Individual information is shaped by the evil eye, that is, deep thinking and reasoning, and transformed into general concepts and judgments. Thus, precise and general information is obtained.
According to Fârâbî, there are innate thoughts in the human mind. Thanks to the power of intuition in the human mind, he comprehends these thoughts. Intuition is a means of reaching certain and generally accepted knowledge.
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Year 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Year 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook