Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche; Christianity and AntichristJune 27, 2021
In fact, Apollo and Dionysus, the two Ancient Greek gods, are exalted in meaning in Nietzsche and put at the center of formation. The one-to-one formation of art depends on these two concepts.
Apollo: It finds its meaning in “form” in Nietzsche.
Dionysus: It finds its meaning in “harmony” in Nietzsche.
According to Nietzsche, the Ancient Greeks discovered the deep secrets of artistic production with these two gods of art, namely, the gods of Sculpture and Music, respectively. Apollo refers to the dream experience. He is the radiant God, and Dionysus is the experience of ecstasy. Apollo and Dionysus, the two wings of life, are two gods who jointly shape and direct the creative power of man. For Nietzsche, this divine change and transformation is actually a sign, a wink, to the artisticity of life.
Dionysus is the god of music and wine. The act of creation, catching the focal point of Dionysus and Apollo, is “dancing” according to Nietzshe.
Dionysus serves to grasp the essence of existence with intuition, and Apollo serves to influence the essence grasped by intuition to the outside, that is, to the visible world. According to Nietzsche, art is shaped by the influence of these two “conceptual” gods.
According to Nietzsche, the basis of aesthetics is possible by understanding these two concepts. He says about this:
“We do a lot for the science of aesthetics when we understand, by logical inference, but with the immediate sharpness of intuition, that the continued development of art is dependent on an Apollonian and Dionysian dichotomy: as creation is dependent on a gender binary that is constantly conflicting, sometimes despite intervening compromises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nietzsche continues his comments as follows:
“In summary, dialectics is a “method of revenge by the mob”, “a Jewish method chosen by the helpless people”, “showing and showing off one’s power in one’s own way”, and in this way the cunning and deceitful desire to knock down the opponent’s claim.”
Nietzsche respects Greek philosophy before Socrates. However, according to him, the era after Socrates has almost completely degenerated in his eyes, as it bears the traces of Socrates. Since Socrates’ method can also be described as a kind of dialectic, the concept of dialectic is rejected altogether by Nietzsche.
Let alone the creative power in man, even man, the creation of nature, according to Nietzsche, was created by the focus in these two concepts of nature. In short, according to him, Apollo and Dionysus are the hands of nature. Nature creates and destroys with these concepts.
“To be able to say ‘Yes’ to life even in its strangest and most difficult problems, the will to life that rejoices in its own inexhaustibility, even in the sacrifice of the highest types – that’s what I call Dionysian.”