General Characteristics and Distinctive Characteristics of Ancient Greek Philosophy

General Characteristics and Distinctive Characteristics of Ancient Greek Philosophy

June 28, 2021 Off By Felso

In its first period, Greek philosophy was a natural philosophy that was almost entirely oriented towards the external environment, the world of bodies.

In this context, this First Age Ancient Greek philosophy has different distinctive features within itself. These can be listed as follows:

Antiquity Ancient Greek philosophy directed the following philosophical periods and systems to human beings and prepared the infrastructure of these systems in a way (Philosophy is a cumulative developing discipline).
In the new and original philosophical systems founded on the philosophy of the Antiquity, God, man and nature were dealt with in an intellectually related way.
Ancient Greek philosophy was systematic, independent, and personal.
Ancient Greek philosophy differs from the intellectual systems that developed before it in that it is based on reason rather than belief and intuition.
Ancient philosophy is a reactive philosophical system against mythology and polytheistic religious approaches.
The immutable behind everything in Ancient philosophy has been intensely discussed and sought after.
In particular, the rich philosophical staff and ground that accumulated behind Aristotle was the first premise that led to studies on the independence of today’s independent scientific fields one by one.
Philosophy has separated itself from this Aristotelian premise of sciences and has continued to exist as a unique field of study.

The philosophy of the First Age, in general, BC. Starting from the 700s, İ.S. It covers the philosophical developments in the period up to the 500s and is used synonymously with the philosophy of the Ancient Age.

This view becomes a particularly valid understanding of the history of philosophy, assuming a clear distinction between eastern philosophy and western philosophy; however, the philosophy of the ancient age also expresses the understanding of philosophy, which has been realized since the period before the philosophy of the Ancient Age, in which philosophy means wisdom, the wisdom of life.

In this sense, philosophy was shaped in the philosophies of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Iran, China and India in the philosophies known as eastern philosophy, and the tradition of philosophy in the sense known with the ancient philosophy began. Accordingly, all these philosophical traditions and processes are included when the ancient philosophy is mentioned. In this sense, the history of philosophy, BC. It dates back to 15th century Iran. On the other hand, major philosophy history books, as a general approach, deal with the philosophy of the Ancient Age and the philosophy of the Ancient Age in the same sense. In this sense, a certain period of ancient Greek, Hellenic and Roman philosophy is called ancient philosophy or ancient philosophy, and this naming is a common trend.

Ancient philosophy; B.C. Starting from the end of the 7th century, AD. It is the philosophy of the period that lasted until the 2nd century. Ancient philosophy began with the belief that natural events should be explained by natural causes, as well as a break from mythology or polytheistic religion. In the philosophy of antiquity, among the most distinguished representatives of which were great philosophers such as Socrates, Plato and Aristotle science and philosophy were always together.

What are the General Features of Ancient Philosophy?
In its first period, Greek philosophy was a natural philosophy that was almost entirely oriented towards external nature, the world of bodies.
After that, the aroused interest in human led to the extensive systems of the classical period. In these systems, God, human and nature were tried to be grasped in a thought connection.
It is systematically independent and personal.
It is based on reason, not belief and intuition.
Expresses reaction to mythology and polytheism
It seeks the immutable behind the appearance, the multiplicity, the relations, the becomings. They call it unity.

The very rich knowledge staff that developed and accumulated in Aristotle’s school with his own philosophy led to the independence of the individual sciences and to studies on each branch of knowledge. After that, instead of a system that wanted to cover everything, all subjects: a confusion of sciences that were increasingly differentiated between them. Philosophy has dissociated itself from this connection, and it has had its share of dealing with general problems of views of the world and life.

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım