General Characteristics of Renaissance Period
The term ‘Renaissance’ means ‘rebirth’. What is being reborn or intended to be born here?
The free thought and the products of this thought, once believed to have been born once, are required to be reborn and to make sense of human life again. This free thought and its products represent the ancient culture – ancient Greek and Roman culture. It is therefore the old Greek and Roman culture that must be reborn in a concrete sense. First of all, it is necessary to return to this ancient culture and bring the products of this culture back to light. The first steps taken in order to realize this ideal and the cultural studies carried out were expressed under the name of humanism.
The term ‘Renaissance’ means rebirth in general terms, but this rebirth refers in particular to the rebirth of Greek and Roman culture.
The Renaissance is a period of complete discovery and emancipation. New discoveries and new discoveries have been made in every field. Columbus and the major seafarers who followed him sought new ways of transportation in the oceans and eventually discovered the continent of America. In the technical field, the invention of the printing press accelerated developments in literature, science and philosophy, and the invention of the compass paved the way for successful discoveries in the sea. In the world of art and literature, artists and writers reflecting new emotions, sensibilities and perceptions have started to attract attention. Great artists such as Giotto, Michelangelo, da Vinci left their mark on the period, and writers such as Dante, Petrarca, Boccaccio became the pioneers of humanism representing the Renaissance spirit. Important discoveries have also been made in the field of science, such as William Harvey found blood circulation, Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo Galilei has made important developments in science. Although Italy and France became the center of these discoveries, the Italian city-states first burned this torch.