General Characteristics of the Renaissance PeriodJune 28, 2021
The term renaissance means ‘rebirth’. What is reborn or desired to be born here? In the Renaissance, free thought, which was believed to have been born once before, and the products of this thought are required to be reborn and to give meaning to human life again.
The ancient culture -the ancient Greek and Roman culture-represents free thought and the products of free thought. It is then the ancient Greek and Roman culture that must be reborn in a concrete sense. First of all, it is necessary to return to this ancient culture and to bring the products of this culture back to light.
The first steps taken to realize this ideal and the cultural studies carried out were expressed under the name of humanism.
The term ‘Renaissance’ means rebirth in general, but this expression of rebirth specifically refers to the rebirth of Greek and Roman culture.
The Renaissance is a process in which art gained great activity.
General Characteristics of the Renaissance Period
The Renaissance is a period of complete discovery and liberation.
During this period, new discoveries were made in every field. Columbus and the main sailors who followed him searched for new means of transportation in the oceans and eventually discovered the Americas.
The invention of the printing press in the technical field accelerated the developments in the field of literature, science and philosophy, and the invention of the compass paved the way for successful explorations in sea routes.
Artists and writers who reflect new feelings, sensitivities and perceptions in the world of art and literature have begun to draw attention. Great artists such as Giotto, Michelangelo and da Vinci left their mark on the period, and writers such as Dante, Petrarca and Boccaccio became the pioneers of humanism representing the spirit of the Renaissance.
Important discoveries were also made in the field of science, for example William Harvey discovered blood circulation, Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo Galilei made important developments in science. Although the center of these discoveries was Italy and France, first of all, the Italian city-states lit this torch.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım