History of 19th Century PhilosophyJune 28, 2021
19th century philosophy is a period when romanticism and idealism reached their peak in German philosophy. In the same way, it is seen that materialism gains a new depth and stands out. In French philosophy, on the one hand, reformist thinkers such as Charles Fourrier, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Claude Henri de Saint-Simon; On the other hand, it is seen that positivism becomes clear with August Comte. The historian Tocqueville and the sociologist and thinker Emile Durkheim should also be added here.
It is stated that the 19th century is a century of history in general, which means that both the development of historical consciousness and the tendency to consider and evaluate thought and philosophy together with history began to gain a theoretical character. Thus, a discipline such as political theories and sociology emerged within philosophy. It would not be wrong to state the 19th century as the times when idealist philosophy in Germany, socialist thought in France, and economic theory in England developed and strengthened. Romantic thought, idealism, materialism, realism, rationalism, historicism, positivism in philosophy show themselves in this century.
The 19th century emerged as a historical period in which political ideologies came to the fore. Socialist thought and its philosophical roots became evident in this period, while Liberalism and its philosophical roots became evident. Although the philosophical position of the 18th century Enlightenment is maintained, it can be said that it has been shaped as an orientation that is suspicious of enlightened philosophical concepts to a certain extent. The effect of disappointments after the French Revolution is seen in 19th century philosophies.
Important Movements of Thought that Marked the Period:
What is Romance?
What is Idealism?
What is Positivism?
What is materialism?
What is Neo-Kantianism?
What is Pragmatism?