History of 19th Century PhilosophyDecember 22, 2019
19th century philosophy is primarily a period in which romanticism and idealism reached a peak in German philosophy. In the same way, materialism has gained a new depth and stands out. On the one hand, in French philosophy, reformer thinkers such as Charles Fourrier, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon and Claude Henri de Saint-Simon; on the other hand, positivism becomes apparent with August Comte. Historian Tocqueville and sociologist and thinker Emile Durkheim should be added here.
It is stated that 19th century is generally a century of history. Thus, a discipline such as political theories and sociology emerged within philosophy. It would not be wrong to state that idealist philosophy in Germany, socialist thought in France and economic theory in England were developed and strengthened in the 19th century. In philosophy, romantic thought, idealism, materialism, realism, rationalism, historicalism, positivism manifests itself in this century.
The 19th century emerged as a period in which political ideologies came to the fore. Socialist thought and its philosophical roots gained prominence in this period, while Liberalism and its philosophical roots became evident. Although the philosophical position of the 18th century enlightenment is maintained, it can be said that it has been shaped as a tendency to view enlightened philosophical concepts with a certain degree of suspicion. The effects of the disappointments that emerged after the French Revolution are seen in 19th century philosophies.
Significant Currents of Thought:
- What is Idealism?
- What is positivism?
- What is materialism?
- What is Neo-Kantry?
- What is pragmatism?