History of Contemporary Philosophy (19th-20th Century Philosophy)

History of Contemporary Philosophy (19th-20th Century Philosophy)

December 26, 2019 0 By Felso

19.-20. The philosophy of the 16th century is a period in which Germanism and Romanticism reached its peak.

In the same way, materialism is seen to gain new depth and to come forward. On the one hand in French philosophy   , reformer thinkers such as Charles Fourier ,  Pierre-Joseph Proudhon and  Claude Henri de Saint-Simon ; on the other hand   , positivism becomes apparent with August Comte . Historian  Tocqueville  and sociologist and thinker  Emile Durkheim should be added here.

19.-20. century is generally stated as a century of history, which means that both the development of historical consciousness and the tendency of considering and evaluating philosophy and thought together with history begin to gain a theoretical character. Thus, a discipline such as political theories and sociology emerged within philosophy. It would not be wrong to state that idealist philosophy in Germany, socialist thought in France and economic theory in England were developed and strengthened in the 19th century. In philosophy, romantic thought, idealism, materialism, realism, rationalism, historicalism, positivism manifests itself in this century.

19.-20. century emerged as a period in which political ideologies came to the fore. Socialist thought and its philosophical roots gained prominence during this period, while Liberalism and its philosophical roots became evident. Although the philosophical position of the enlightenment of the 18th century has been maintained, it can be said that it is shaped as a tendency to view enlightened philosophical concepts with a certain degree of suspicion. The effects of the frustrations that emerged after the French Revolution 19.-20. century philosophies.

Contemporary Philosophy (19th-20th Century Philosophy):

– The  emergence of 20th century philosophy
–  Distinguishing features and basic features of 20th century philosophy
–  Phenomenology and reality-appearance problem in 20th century philosophy
– The  problem of hermeneutics and interpretation in 20th century philosophy
–  Existentialism and the essence of existence and essence in 20th century philosophy
–  Dialectical materialism and the problem of change in 20th century philosophy
–  Logical positivism and metaphysical knowledge problem in 20th century philosophy
–  New ontology and existence problem in 20th century philosophy
–  Darwin’s legacy
–  Who is Charles Sanders Peirce?
–  Who’s John Dewey?
–  What is analytical philosophy?
–  Kant’s classification of judgments
–  Non-Euclidean geometries
– The  nature of axioms of geometry
–  Who’s Gilbert Ryle?
–  Holistic and integrated perspective
–  Who’s Henri Bergson?
–  Who is Martin Heidegger?
–  Who’s Derrida?
–  Who is Gottlob Frege?
–  Deviation from linguistic philosophy
–  Modern logic
–  Who is George Edward Moore?
–  Who’s Bertrand Russell?
–  Who’s Wittgenstein?
–  Philosophers around Vienna
–  Who’s John Austin?
–  Who’s Quine?
–  Who is Edmund Husserl?
–  Who’s Sartre?

Prepared by:  Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source:  Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade Giriş Introduction to Philosophy ”and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade Tarihi History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook