History of Contemporary Philosophy (19th-20th Century Philosophy)December 26, 2019
19.-20. The philosophy of the 16th century is a period in which Germanism and Romanticism reached its peak.
In the same way, materialism is seen to gain new depth and to come forward. On the one hand in French philosophy , reformer thinkers such as Charles Fourier , Pierre-Joseph Proudhon and Claude Henri de Saint-Simon ; on the other hand , positivism becomes apparent with August Comte . Historian Tocqueville and sociologist and thinker Emile Durkheim should be added here.
19.-20. century is generally stated as a century of history, which means that both the development of historical consciousness and the tendency of considering and evaluating philosophy and thought together with history begin to gain a theoretical character. Thus, a discipline such as political theories and sociology emerged within philosophy. It would not be wrong to state that idealist philosophy in Germany, socialist thought in France and economic theory in England were developed and strengthened in the 19th century. In philosophy, romantic thought, idealism, materialism, realism, rationalism, historicalism, positivism manifests itself in this century.
19.-20. century emerged as a period in which political ideologies came to the fore. Socialist thought and its philosophical roots gained prominence during this period, while Liberalism and its philosophical roots became evident. Although the philosophical position of the enlightenment of the 18th century has been maintained, it can be said that it is shaped as a tendency to view enlightened philosophical concepts with a certain degree of suspicion. The effects of the frustrations that emerged after the French Revolution 19.-20. century philosophies.
Contemporary Philosophy (19th-20th Century Philosophy):
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade Giriş Introduction to Philosophy ”and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade Tarihi History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook