Hobbes and Materialism (Materialism, Bodily Matter Conception)June 28, 2021
Thomas Hobbes (Tomas Hobs) is also a philosopher who advocates materialism.
According to him, what actually exists are objects that occupy space. Everything is made up of bodies, which are forms of matter. Objects are material entities that occupy space independently of thought. According to him, every being is a body.
Accordingly, the soul is also a body. Therefore, there are objects on the basis of our perceptions, sensations and thoughts. The common feature of objects is motion. By looking at the property of motion, we understand how matter came into existence, how it takes shape, and how they behave. The motion in question arises mechanically according to the laws of motion.
According to Hobbes, objects; It is divided into three as natural, artificial and social objects. All three types of bodies fall within the subject of philosophy.
Hobbes is a famous English political scientist and philosopher who lived in the 17th century. Hobbes is also seen as one of the most conscious materialist thinkers of all ages.
Hobbes does not have an atomistic understanding of matter. This is because he does not believe that there must be any space for movement to occur. Hobbes thus rejects both the atom and the “emptiness hypothesis”, which is thought to be moving.
For Hobbes, matter is body. Object; It is that which, regardless of thought, fills a part of space, has width, length, and depth.
Hobbes said in the 46th chapter of his world-famous masterpiece “Leviathan”: “The world (by this I do not mean only the globe on which we live; I mean the whole of the universe, that is, all that exists) is corporeal, that is, the body and the dimensions of the body, width, length and Therefore, every part of the universe is a body, and anything that is not a body is not a part of the universe.”
This sentence of Hobbes is proof that he was an atheist, albeit latent. It is clear that a materialism that is already consistent with itself will either reduce God to a physical cause or reject him. For this reason, it can be said that materialism (materialism) has a close relationship with atheism.
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook